§ Dr. Ladyman
The health economy in Essex has received an additional £1.5 million access funding from the Department, which primary care trusts (PCTs) will use to commission additional national health service dental capacity from existing practices and to provide new dental practices.
To ensure that more people can see a NHS dentist when and where they need, the equivalent of 1,000 dentists nationally will be recruited by October 2005.
In addition, NHS dentistry will benefit from unprecedented investment:the Government will fund 170 extra undergraduate dental training places in England from October 2005, a 25 per cent., increase. Revenue costs for this will reach £29 million by 2010–11.capital investment of £80 million over four years to support this expansion.by 2005£06, NHS dentistry will receive extra funding of over £250 million a year, an increase of 19.3 per cent., compared with spending in 2003–04.in recognition of the additional work and training dentists and their practice staff will need to prepare for changes, an extra £9 million will be provided to help dental practices prepare.
Additionally reforms will be introduced to modernise the dentistry profession for the 21st century through:a new dentists contract making it possible for them to spend more time with patients and encourage preventative care.using the skills of the entire dental team more efficiently with new roles for hygienists and dental nurses.local PCTs, including those in Essex, will use the £1.6 billion devolved budget to ensure that local expenditure on dentistry is sustained.
§ Dr. Ladyman
The gross and net fees paid to dentists for the provision of general dental services (GDS) represent the main element of primary dental care costs and are the data most readily available by health authority area. Data since 1992–93 are shown in the table. These figures exclude some payments to dentists such as commitment payments, maternity and seniority payments as well as superannuation payments made on their behalf. There is a discontinuity in the figures in the middle of 2002–03 because of the change in health administration areas.
Community, personal and hospital dental services have not been included in this table; these are directly commissioned by individual health authorities from locally managed resources rather than funded from a central national budget as is the case with the GDS.358W
NHS dental service: Gross and net fees paid by the GDS March ending each year £ million Health authority/primary care trust Gross fees Net fees1 1992–93 Essex HA 38.6 25.9 1993–94 Essex HA 37.2 24.7 1994–95 Essex HA 39.9 26.4 1995–96 Essex HA 39.8 26.4 1996–97 Essex HA 40.6 26.9 1997–98 Essex HA 41.4 27.1 1998–99 Essex HA 45.1 29.1 1999–2000 Essex HA 47.3 30.6 2000–01 Essex HA 51.0 32.8 2001–02 Essex HA 51.8 33.1 2002–03 First half Essex HA 36.6 27.0 Second half Essex SHA 26.3 16.9 Southend-on-Sea PCT 3.1 2.1 Thurrock PCT 1.7 1.2 1Excludes patient charge.
§ Mr. Hurst
To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many patients received dental treatment from the national health service in(a) the County of Essex in each year from 1974 to 1998 and (b) the County of Essex and the boroughs of Thurrock and Southend-on-Sea in each year front 1998 to 2003. 
§ Dr. Ladyman
The information in the table shows the number of people registered with a general dental service dentist in Essex at 30 September year from 1992 to 2003 and for Thurrock and Southend-on Sea for 2002 and 2003.
Registration started in October 1990 and the numbers did not stabilise until 1992. Registrations lapse if patients do not return to their dentist within 15 months and so the registration figures exclude patients who have not been to their dentist within the past 15 months. The figures also exclude patients who receive dental treatment from other national health service dental services including dental access centres and those patients who choose not to register and who seek treatment on an occasional basis.
General dental service: number of registered patients September each year (thousand)—Essex family health services authority (FHSA), health authority (HA) and strategic health authority (SHA) and primary care trusts (PCTs) Number FHSA 1992 636 1993 643 1994 642 1995 612 Essex HA 1996 829 1997 821 1998 737 1999 764 2000 787 2001 774 Essex SHA 2002 778 2003 767
General dental service: number of registered patients September each year (thousand)—Essex family health services authority (FHSA), health authority (HA) and strategic health authority (SHA) and primary care trusts (PCTs) Number Southend-on-Sea PCT 2002 83 2003 81 Thurrock PCT 2002 43 2003 45 Source: Dental Practice Board.
§ Dr. Ladyman
The information shown in the table is for the number of general (GDS) and personal dental service (PDS) dentists in Essex in e3c h year from 1974 to 2003 and for Thurrock and Southend-on-Sea Primary Care Trust (PCT) areas for the:gears 2002 and 2003, which covers the period that the two PCTs have been in existence.
General and personal dental service: number of dentists at September each year Essex family practitioner committee (FPC), family health services authority (FHSA), health authority (HA), SHA and primary care trusts (PCTs) Number FPC 1974 284 1975 291 1976 308 1977 320 1978 305 1979 319 1980 339 1981 344 1982 366 1983 384 1984 389 1985 405 1986 405 1987 413 1988 414 1989 430 FHSA 1990 418 1991 441 1992 438 1993 460 1994 465 1995 472 HA 1996 476 1997 497 1998 513 1999 532 2000 560 2001 566
General and personal dental service: number of dentists at September each year Essex family practitioner committee (FPC), family health service authority (HA), SHA and primary care trusts (PCTs) Number SHA 2002 556 2003 542 Southend-on-sea PCT 2002 56 2003 56 Thurrock PCT 2002 39 2003 37 Note: PDS figure covers dentists not already working in the GDS. Source: Dental Practice Board