§ Dr. Julian Lewis
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what his policy is on lean manned ships for the Royal Navy; and if he will make a statement. 
§ Mr. Ingram
In the Naval Service, the Type 23 frigates are commonly known as Lean Manned ships. The increased use of automation enabled a smaller ship's complement, with an emphasis on skilled maintainers and operators. A consequent reduction in the proportion of junior personnel available for manual tasks has been alleviated by providing additional civilian manpower to undertake cleaning, painting and dining hall support when the ships are in harbour.