§ Mr. Breed
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs if she will list
£ Research project Cost in 2001–02 Total costs Generation of vaccine candidates against Mycobacterium bovis 313,201 1,566,005 Testing of vaccine candidates for bovine tuberculosis using a low dose aerosol challenge guinea pig model 208,247 1,068,045 Testing TB vaccines in cattle 263,642 1,316,635 Development of badger vaccines 167,889 370,274 Antigen presenting cells and T cell responses to Mycobacterium bovis 400,000 1,200,000 Development of badger immunological reagents 152,908 432,642 Improved diagnostics for cattle 170,449 511,347 Cost-effectiveness of using the gamma interferon test in herds with multiple tuberculin reactors 38,850 124,682 Assessment of the economic impacts of TB and alternative control policies 48,049 156,959 Development and evaluation of strain typing methods for Mycobacterium bovis 387,810 1,275,223 An integrated approach to the application of Mycobacterium bovis genotyping for the control of bovine tuberculosis in GB 334,439 927,801 Survival of Mycobacterium bovis in laboratory made silage 4,408 4,408 Mycobacterium bovis pathogenesis 681,933 2,440,159 Pathogenesis and diagnosis of tuberculosis in cattle—complementary field studies 105,000 1,975,135 A spatial analysis using GIS of risk factors associated with TB incidents in cattle herds in England and Wales 11,683 188,373 Genome sequence analysis of Mycobacterium bovis 50,932 1,156,293 Ecological correlates of tuberculosis incidence in cattle 118,729 374,181 Quantification of the risk of transmission of bovine TB from badgers to cattle within localised areas 41,816 167,504 Integrated modelling of M. bovis transmission in badgers and cattle 276,540 902,769 The risk to cattle from Mycobacterium bovis infection in wildlife species other than badgers 460,945 1,214,788 The risk to cattle from wildlife species other than badgers in areas of high herd breakdown risk 195,822 608,095 Understanding the route of TB transmission from badgers to cattle 34,980 266,942 Develop innovative methods to estimate badger population density 268,572 882,090 Novel methods of estimating badger numbers in the wider countryside 70,201 230,426 An integrated study of perturbation, population estimation, modelling and risk 299,877 1,252,592 A molecular genetic analysis of badger social structure and bovine tuberculosis 162,451 766,069 Ecological consequences of removing badgers from an eco-system 323,625 1,000,810 Using herd depopulation for effectively controlling TB 26,758 26,758 Exploratory study to model the distribution and spread of bovine TB using multi-temporal satellite imagery 42,450 42,450 Application of postgenomics to reveal the basis of virulence, pathogenesis and transmissibility of M. bovis 350,000 3,318,624
§ Mr. Morley
[holding answer 24 January 2002]: The need to control bovine TB in herds remains a top priority for the Department. Before the restart of routine testing, and restart of the badger culling trial, veterinary risk1170W
research projects associated with bovine TB, indicating for each (a) the cost in 2001–02 and (b) the total cost of the project. 
§ Mr. Morley
[holding answer 24 January 2002]: The Krebs badger field trial, TB99 epidemiological survey of risk factors which may dispose some farms to TB breakdowns and road traffic accident survey of badger carcases are projects associated with bovine TB. These were suspended for most of 2001–02, because of the foot and mouth disease emergency and little expenditure in respect of them has, therefore, been incurred in the present financial year. With the present resumption of work on these projects, revised costings are being drawn up but the total cost of the trial is expected to remain at £35 million over five years.
A list of individual research projects and their 2001–02 and total costs are given in the table. The list is subject to change as new projects come on stream and others end and costs are revised. The table represents the position at 23 January 2002.
assessments were made. The restart of the programme has been dependent on when counties were declared free of foot and mouth disease.