§ Mr. Martyn Jones
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what research he has(a) commissioned and (b) evaluated on the feasibility of reducing the environmental disbenefits of current models of motor car. 
§ Mr. Bowis
My Department has commissioned a number of research projects aimed at assessing and controlling the environmental impact of current models of cars. These are listed in the table and further details are available on the Department's internet web site at http://www.open.gov.uk/dotkvs/rv-res00.htm. On completion, all projects will be evaluated for cost effectiveness, practicality and, if appropriate, their wider application in an EU context.
Reference Project title S010E/VB In-service emissions from current fleet S010K/VB In-service emissions testing of catalyst-equipped vehicles S360D/VB Detection of vehicles burning lubricating oil S031J/VB Road and tyre noise: collaboration to reduce tyre noise S030L/VB In-service noise testing S026F/VB Diesel smoke test procedures and meter specifications S260F/VB Vehicle fuel consumption and emissions forecasts S360B/VB Remote measurement of vehicle emissions S260H/VB Petrol and diesel emissions factors measurement S140A/VB Vehicle particulate emissions measurement
§ Mr. Watts
There is no doubt that industrial innovation can help to reduce the environmental disbenefits of buses. This has already been demonstrated by the technological advances that are now being applied to new diesel engines in order to meet the tighter emission standards for heavy vehicles, including buses, that came into force on 519W 1 October this year. My Department works closely with both our European partners and the European Commission to develop progressively tighter emissions standards, a strategy which is providing extremely successful in encouraging industrial innovation and results in significant reductions in emissions from all categories of vehicle.