§ Mr. Sainsbury
To ask the President of the Board of Trade what estimate he has made of the effect on manufacturing employment of manufacturing businesses contracting out to other firms, classified as service businesses, activities such as transport, catering and cleaning.
§ Mr. Charles Wardle
The Central Statistical Office has estimated that manufacturing employment might have been up to three quarters of a million higher than recorded in 1989 had manufacturers' purchases of non-industrial services as a proportion of total sales remained at 1973 levels—"Changes in the structure of manufacturing industry 1973–1989 as measured by the annual Census of Production",Economic Trends, No. 462 April 1992.