§ Mr. Battle
To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security if he will publish a table showing the main changes to national insurance benefits and the savings or expenditure which accrued from each change since 1979 in(a) cash prices and (b) 1990 prices.
§ Mr. Jack
Between 1978–79 and 1990–91, expenditure on national insurance benefits has grown by almost £20
Changes to national insurance benefits: estimated expenditure effects Great Britain: £ million Financial year introduced 1Cash effect Cash effect 1990–91 prices Uprating of long-term benefits by prices 1981–82 -280 -470 5 per cent. abatement in uprating of invalidity benefit, unemployment benefit, sickness benefit and maternity allowance 1981–82 -160 -270 Abolition of earnings related supplements to short-term benefits 1982–83 -390 -610 Introduction of statutory sick pay2 1983–84 -10 -10 Restoration of 5 per cent. abatement of unemployment benefit 1984–85 80 110 Offsetting of invalidity benefit age addition by additional pension 1986–87 -140 -180 Restoration of 5 per cent. abatement of invalidity benefit 1986–87 120 160 Extension of statutory sick pay2 1986–87 -80 -100 Introduction of statutory maternity pay2 1987–88 40 50 Unemployment benefit abatement for occupational/personal pension reduced from age 60 to 55 1988–89 -63 -70 Weekly earnings rule introduced for unemployment benefit 1989–90 -49 -50 Unemployment benefit "full extent normal" rule—de minimis provision 1989–90 "Actively seeking work" test for unemployment benefit 1989–90 Aboltion of pensioners earnings rule 1989–90 375 410 Widows: revised entitlement conditions for women widowed before April 1988 1989–90 13 14 Statutory sick pay: amendment of rates and higher/lower rate threshold 1990–91 -72 -72 1 Figures shown represent the initial estimates of the effect on national insurance benefit expenditure only in the first full year following implementation. No account is taken of the impact of the changes on administration costs, income tax and national insurance contribution revenues or expenditure on income-related benefits, other than as shown in note 2. 2 Amounts shown represent the net effect on national insurance benefit expenditure after employers' recoveries from contributions to the national insurance fund in respect of payments of statutory sick pay and statutory maternity pay to their employees.