§ Sir Michael McNair-Wilson
To ask the Secretary of State for Health what percentage of organ transplant operations are successful, organ by organ; how many of these are first-time operations; and what percentage of organs are being required by those who have used up the useful life of their first transplant.
§ Mr. Mellor
According to information provided by the United Kingdom transplant service, the survival of first cadaveric kidney grafts at one year is approximately 75 per cent., and for second grafts about 70 per cent. Numbers of subsequent grafts are too small to provide meaningful estimates. In 1986, about 20 per cent. of all cadaveric kidney transplants were regrafts. Many of the original grafts would have required replacement because they had been rejected, or failed for some other reason. Comprehensive statistics on graft survival for other forms of transplantation are not held centrally.