§ Mr. John Patten
The four special hospitals are not prisons. They are provided under the National Health Service Act 1977 for persons liable to detention under the Mental Health Act 1983 who require to be treated under242W conditions of special security because of their dangerous, violent or criminal propensities. More than a sixth of the patients admitted have not been involved in court proceedings immediately prior to admission. Broadmoor hospital was built in 1863; Rampton hospital in 1912; Moss Side hospital in 1910. The new Park Lane hospital near Liverpool is being brought into use progressively. At 1 September 1983 218 patients were being treated there. When completed in mid-1984 the hospital will be able to accommodate 400 patients.