§ Mr. Brotherton
asked the Secretary of State for Employment what is his estimate of the number of employees entering closed shop agreements since the passing of the Employment Act 1980.176W
§ Mr. Waddington
I am not aware that any new closed shop agreements between employers and unions have been concluded since the relevant provisions of the Employment Act were brought into operation on 15 August 1980. I regret that I cannot estimate the number of employees who, after the passing of the Act, might have joined a union in accordance with a closed shop agreement concluded before the Act took effect.