§ 2. Mr. MANDER
asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs if he will consider the advisability of sending a note to the Chinese and Japanese Governments declaring that this country will in no circumstances recognise any situation or agreement which may be brought about by means contrary to the Covenant of the League of Nations or other 360 treaty obligations to which it, as well as both Japan and China, are parties?
§ 9. Mr. COCKS
asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether His Majesty's Government will inform the Japanese Government that it does not intend to recognise any situation, treaty, or agreement in respect to China which may be brought about by means contrary to the obligations of the Covenant of the League of Nations, the Nine-Power Treaty of 1922, and the Pact of Paris of 1928, to which covenants and treaties both China and Japan as well as Great Britain, are parties?
§ Mr. EDEN
I do not think that a further Note on this subject would, even if it were addressed to both parties as suggested by my hon. Friend, serve any useful purpose. His Majesty's Government have already made their position sufficiently clear and the Japanese Government have given definite assurances that they have no territorial ambitions and that they will uphold the principle of the Open Door.
§ Mr. MANDER
Am I right in assuming that die policy outlined in the question is indeed the policy of the Government?
§ 3. Mr. MANDER
asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether the Government intend to treat the relations existing between China and Japan as tantamount to a state of war?
§ Mr. MANDER
Is it not the case that every country which breaks the Covenant of the League of Nations is automatically at war with every other member of the League?
§ Sir NICHOLAS GRATTAN-DOYLE
Is it not deplorable that such mischievous questions as these should be asked?
§ Mr. EDEN
No, Sir. I may add that an account in the Press of another assault on a British subject was found, on inquiry, to have been much exaggerated, and in the absence of any report from His Majesty's Consul-General, I think that the hon. Member may rest assured that the incident can scarcely have been of the grave character suggested.
§ 8. Mr. COCKS
asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether he has any further information regarding the formation of an independent State of Manchuria during the Japanese military occupation of that province; and whether, seeing that on 8th February His Majesty's Government stated that they regarded Manchuria as being a part of China, and that they had engaged under the Nine-Power Treaty of 1922 to respect the sovereignty, independence, and territorial and administrative integrity of China, he is taking any steps in the matter?
§ Mr. EDEN
According to my information, a declaration of an independent State consisting of the four North-Eastern Provinces of China, was published in Mukden on the 18th of February. An Administrative Council has been formed which is to formulate details of the organisation and constitution of the new Government. As regards the second part of the question, since this declaration has been made by the local Chinese authorities there does not appear to be any ground for action by His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom under the Nine-Power Treaty of 1922.
§ Major-General Sir ALFRED KNOX
Can the Under-Secretary say what increase in our armed forces would be necessary if we followed out all these suggestions?